Ethnopharmaceutical importance of under-explored plant species Hyptissuaveolens (L.)
Keywords:Hyptissuaveolens, Lamiaceae, Peptic ulcer diseases (PUD), Hydro distillation, Ethnobotanical
Plants store a variety of important secondary metabolites with pharmacognostic and pharmacological implications, some of which have the potential to become super medicines in the future. In-vivo generation of these metabolites is influenced bya number of biotic and abiotic factors resulting in a constant accumulation of various phytochemicals and their derivatives that could be relevant in future medication research and development. There are over 70,000 plant species are employed ethnomedicinally in various ancient medical systems such as Ayurveda, Siddha, and Unani, as well as in Allopathy. The goal of this study is to look into the therapeutic potential of secondary metabolites as well as the probable pharmacological and pharmacognostic significance of the under-explored/underutilized plant Hyptissuaveolens (L.) Poit.Almost all parts of this plant are being employed in conventional drug to treat various diseases. It has been reported that it shows protection against peptic ulcer diseases and has anti-cancerous properties. The leaves of Hyptissuaveolenssecreted essential oil by hydrodistillation have been linked to the genus Hyptis' broad range of biological activity. It contains phytochemicals like alkaloids, tannins, saponins, flavonoids, terpenoids, minerals (like calcium, magnesium, sodium) and metals (like zinc and iron). The ursolic acid found in H. suaveolens can be used as a COVID-19 virus treatment agent. In addition, the ethnobotanical study claims that the beneficial plant has neuroprotective, antioxidant, antibacterial, antidiarrhoeal, anthelmintic, anti-inflammatory, wound healing, insecticidal, antimitotic, anti-proliferative, antisecretory, hepatoprotective, and acaricidal properties. The phytochemicals and extracts obtained from the plant have a great deal of therapeutic promise. As a result, we can use this plant for a variety of purposes.
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