Plant Extracts as Alternative Therapeutic Agents for Anaemia: A Review
Keywords:Anaemia, Haemoglobin, Pandu Roga, Iron Supplements
Anaemia, one of the most common blood nutrition deficiency affecting at all ages of people. In Ayurveda, according to Acharya Charak, sign and symptoms of anaemia has close resemblance to Pandu Roga as like paleness, weakness, Heart Tonic, Eye Inflammation etc. As WHO claims, Anaemia is a medical situation in which the amount of RBCs or Hb count is lower than the normal individual and it is estimated that over 40 percent of children below age five are anaemic. On the basis of reported data plant extracts have been proved to be effective alternative therapy for the management of anaemic conditions. Physicians mostly prescribe iron-rich diet and vitamin supplements for the treatment of anaemia. Iron supplements are easily available in markets, if consumed prolonged, it can cause severe problems like gastro intestinal problems, hepatic disorders and sometimes even cause cancer. Hence, scientists are looking for an alternative for these iron supplements for the management of anaemia. Plant extracts could play a great role against anaemia. In this study, extracts of 20different plants as like- Solanum nigrum, Terminalia chebula, Beta Vulgaris etc. are discussed, which are experimentally proven to be effective in anaemia. Applications of these medicinal plants in anaemia is also mentioned in classical Ayurveda literature from ancient time. So, these plant extracts are may be an alternative therapy for the management of anaemia and this study could help researchers for research in anaemia and other related disorders.
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