Nutrients and nutraceutical content of polished and unpolished kodo millet – a quantitative analysis
Keywords:AOAC, Kodo millet, Nutrient content, Nutraceutical, Polished and unpolished kodo millet
Kodo millet (Paspalum scrobiculatum) is an ethnic underutilized millet variety of south India with bounty of health benefits due to the abundance of dietary fiber antioxidant and minerals like iron. This gluten free wonder millet can be a healthy alternate dietary source for diabetic, obesity and CVD patients. Scientific evidence based studies on nutritional quality of this millet both in polished and unpolished form is less. The current study aims at “Analyzing the quantum of nutrients and nutraceutical present in polished and unpolished Kodo Millet”. Both polished and unpolished Kodo millets were procured from local market, cleaned to remove dirt, dust and stone. The cleaned millets were dried powdered and sieved using 60 mesh sieves (250 Micron) . The powdered millet flour was stored in airtight container. Nutritional content of Kodo millet was analysed for macro, micro nutrients and nutraceutical content of both polished and unpolished form using standard AOAC method - 20th edition (2016). The analysed nutrient content were compared statistically at 99% and 95 % confidence interval (t-test). The result shows that, the quantum of carbohydrate present in polished kodo millet was 10.53 % lesser than the milled parboiled rice and 8.1 % lesser than the brown rice and 11.61 % lesser than the raw milled rice. The total dietary fibre content of unpolished kodo millet was 12.98 gm, this value was almost double the amount of total dietary fibre present in samai (7.72 gm). Crude fibre content of unpolished kodo millet was noted as 7.66 gm – which is more than seven times the crude fibre content of raw and parboiled rice (0.2 gm) and more than six times the crude fibre content of whole wheat (1.2gm) respectively as per Nutritive value of Indian food.